Economic Definition of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Defined.
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Term Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Definition: A program established by Congress in 1933, during the worst of the Great Depression, to insure the deposits of failed banks. Abbreviated FDIC, it operates operates much like any private insurance company. It collects insurance premiums from its customers--the banks--in return for the assurance that it will stand behind, or be ready to pay off, any deposits that the banks can't.