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Economic Definition of consumer equilibrium. Defined.

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Term consumer equilibrium Definition: The condition that exists when the last dollar spent on one good provides the same marginal utility as the last dollar spent on every other good. In consumer equilibrium, you allocate income between the purchase of different goods in such a way that you cannot increase your level of utility, that is, you have achieved utility maximization. In indifference curve analysis, this occurs where the budget line is tangent to the highest reachable indifference curve. With this consumption bundle, the ratio of prices is equal to the ratio of marginal utilities. This means that the willingness of the consumer to trade one good for the other is exactly the same as the ability to trade the two goods in the market.


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