Economic Definition of factory. Defined.
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Term factory Definition: The building and equipment (the physical capital) at a particular location used for the production of goods and services. A factory often takes the form of the conventional assembly-line system, but it need not. As the building and equipment used for production, a factory can also be restaurant, doctor's office, or university classroom. Moreover, while a factory is often associated with the notion of firm or business, they need not be one and the same. A firm can, often does, own more than one factory and a factory can be owned by more than one firm.