Economic Definition of political business cycle. Defined.
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Term political business cycle Definition: The notion that a business cycle is caused by elected government leaders who manipulate the economy to achieve personal political goals -- that is, to remain in office. The leaders stimulate the economy leading up to an election, creating a business-cycle expansion that ensures (they hope) their re-election, then induce a business-cycle contraction after the election to correct problems created by pre-election stimulation.