Economic Definition of speculation. Defined.
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Term speculation Definition: Buying an asset with the intent of reselling it later at a higher price. The purpose of speculation is simply to buy low today and sell high tomorrow. Those who engage in speculation have no reason for buying the asset, other than resale at a later time. Such speculation is quite common in most financial markets (futures markets are a particular favorite), but it's also a motive for those who have "investments" in fine art, baseball cards, coins, and real estate.