Economic Definition of dividend. Defined.
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Term dividend Definition: The portion of a corporation's after-tax accounting profit that's paid to shareholders or owners. Corporate managers usually try to pay the shareholders some minimum dividend that's comparable to returns from other financial markets--such as the interest on government securities or corporate bonds--to keep the owners from selling off the company's stock. That portion of after-tax accounting profit that's not paid out as dividends is typically invested in capital.