Economic Definition of jobless claims. Defined.
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Term jobless claims Definition: The number of people filing for the first time to receive unemployment compensation benefits during a given time period, usually one week. Jobless claims are key indicator of current economic activity and are one of twelve leading economic indicators that forecast business cycle activity. A rise in jobless claims is a clear indication that fewer people are employed, the unemployment rate is on the rise, and the economy is headed into a contraction.