Economic Definition of federal deficit. Defined.
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Term federal deficit Definition: An excess of federal government spending over tax collections. The federal deficit has been the subject of on-again, off-again debates among vote-seeking politicians and pointy-headed economists for a number of years. The main points of the debate are: (1) the potential crowding out of investment in capital goods, (2) the use of borrowed funds for either "consumption" or "investment" government purchases, and (3) the constraints imposed on fiscal policy. The jury of pointy-heads remains undecided on these issues.